Law on community property in Indonesia is very simple. It refers to the Article 35 of 1974 Marriage Law that stipulates: “Property acquired during the marriage shall become community property. Separate property of husband and wife acquired as gift or inheritance shall be under each party’s control, as long as the parties did not govern otherwise.” Governing otherwise means both you and your wife sign and entered into any prenuptial agreement.
If you signed a Prenup, that we should take a look at what your Prenup what have to say. The stipulation by the law was pretty simple. How you going to do about it? Dig deeper and see what the court said about it. We call it Precedence. It’s a Supreme Court ruling on issues and shall serve as reference for lower courts in trying similar cases. Some of the verdicts were major breakthrough. Some of them were detailed explanation of what the law had to say about the issue.
Marriage legalization is for Moslem couples only. It applicable for those who were married in an Islamic ceremony. You know, the one that required you to convert into the same Moslem religion with your partner in order to get marry. If that rings a bell now, yes, this one is for you. This is regulated under the Indonesia's Compilation of Islamic Law. It was introduced in June 1991. Since then, the legal proceeding is more and more required by the laws in order to secure the legality of the marriage by Moslem couples in Indonesia.
You see, the marriage is the foundation of someone's life. If it's fragile, legally questionable, you might end-up in a fiasco. The marriage legalization is the legal way to fix your foundation. It might not sounds popular to some people, but it gives you the answer you and your family need. The marriage legalization is to legalize the earlier performed marriage. It has the legal power of retroactively legalize the past in order to get recognition in the future, such as the birth of the baby, property division during the course of marriage, prenuptial agreement, custody, inheritance, immigration issues, and even divorce. This is quite complicated motions as not every marriage legalization lodged gets approved by the court of law. You need to present facts and legal grounds fair enough to support your petition, instead of getting denied. Our Indonesian lawyers will guide you step by step in order to accomplish the mission. Cases I've handled so far gave me clear and pristine lessons that each court, each judge might have different idea why your case must be tried, and approved.
The recent three cases I've handled were in Tangerang, Brebes, Central Java; and Cikarang, West Java. The first one, the case was so incredibly difficult where the marriage finally legalized one month before the couple's baby due. The second one was a unique situation where the couple was already divorce by the time the marriage legalized. The incredible one was when we filed the case with one of the spouses was already dead. His wife was the Petitioner. They need the legality of their marriage for the immigration issues they face back in the United States. Article 7 of Indonesia's Compilation of Islamic Law stipulates that the marriage legalization can be carried-out by either husband or wife, and their children. Even her husband has passed-away, his wife still have the right to file for the legalization of their marriage in Indonesia. The final outcome of this proceeding may be a stipulation regarding the marriage legalization. It is also advisable to forward the court's holdings by filing it separately to the Marriage Registry. It doesn't come automatically as it is requires manual application to different government institutions. Normally, a stipulation from the court that the marriage has been legalized is enough and legally acceptable.