We take marriage very serious in Indonesia. You need to meet certain requirements, terms and conditions in order to get legally married. Once you have been issued a marriage certificate, or a marriage book for Moslem couples, your marriage is legally recognized. The terms and conditions for a person to get legally married in Indonesia are, among others:
Consents by both parties are required in order to avoid forced-marriage, or arranged marriage. Both bride and groom must love each other without any force to enter into a matrimony. This is in accordance with our philosophy that marriage is a spiritual bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife with the aim of forming a happy and eternal family (household) based on belief to one and only God. This aim most likely will not be met without consents of both parties.
The idea of having the couples aged 21 years old to get married without parents' consent, among others, is to have matured spouses in the matrimony as it requires emotional as well as physical efforts.
If you think a marriage does not meet the above terms and conditions, you may file a cancellation to the court of law. An application may be submitted to the court with a jurisdiction as governed by the 1974 Marriage Law. In order to file an annulment application, you must be either:
You need to pay attention to the time frame for filing the annulment with the ground that the marriage conducted under a threat. You have only six (6) months to file for the annulment application to the court. After that, the law will see you accept the situation, and annulment is no longer the case.
The marriage annulment will not take affect to your children's legal status. They are legitimate one, and therefore shall have the legal relationship with their father. The rights and obligations within parental relationship are still in place even the marriage has been canceled.
As for the property, since the marriage declared annulled and therefore it's not legally recognized since day one, the property division is not applicable between the husband and wife that is not legally free to marry. This may happen especially when the previous marriage still exists and is not yet to be dissolved.
Marriage annulment has many aspects to meet. Failure to do so will make the court reject your application. Instead of filing for the annulment, I would suggest you to go with a divorce application. You have more leeways and options in pursuing your goals. We have one legal ground that commonly used in the field of practice i.e. irreconcilable differences.
I am Asep Wijaya. Thank you for reading my blogs!
Getting divorce in Indonesia is not easy, especially if you were married abroad, but is still doable. You can rely on the court in Indonesia to dissolve your foreign marriage. This is not the case that they usually see on daily basis. This is about making Indonesia as your primary jurisdiction. Some regular legal issues in terms of divorcing in Indonesia may not be applicable to your case. For example, the marriage must be registered or reported to the marriage registry in Indonesia, you must possess a marriage certificate issued from the marriage registry in Indonesia, or none of you are Indonesian national. Those things are not required to exist in your case. This is a foreign divorce case. It's part of the international civil law in Indonesia.
Reporting of Foreign Marriage
When you're married outside of Indonesia, both of you are foreigners, and either of you work in Indonesia, you don't have to register or report marriage in order to divorce or dissolve your marriage here. You don't have to get a marriage certificate from the civil registry or you don't have to retrieve a marriage book from the Office of Religious Affairs (so called "Kantor Urusan Agama"/KUA). When you're married, you're married. Since both of you are foreigners, no further reporting of your foreign marriage is required with the above marriage registries. Foreign marriage reporting is only applicable to you in the event one of you are an Indonesian national.
This thing has something to do with the term of "Lex Loci Celebrations." Literally, this term means the law of the land where the marriage was celebrated. A marriage or a union of a man and a woman when lawfully and validly celebrated under the relevant law of the land where the two individuals have legal nationality or citizenship, is also lawful and valid in the country where they live (reside or are domiciled).
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